Can Dogs Eat Cheese

Can Dogs Eat Cheese?

Cheese is a beloved food item in many households, and it’s not uncommon for our canine companions to give us those irresistible puppy eyes when they catch a whiff of it. But can dogs eat cheese? Is it safe for them, or should we keep this dairy delight far away from their reach? In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the world of dogs and cheese, exploring the potential benefits, risks, and everything in between.

Dogs are more than just household pets—they’re a part of our families. We want the best for them, including providing tasty treats every now and then. Cheese, with its rich and creamy texture, often finds its way into our dogs’ lives. But before we start sharing our cheese platter with them, it’s essential to understand whether it’s safe and healthy for our canine companions.

In this article, we’ll explore the nutritional value of cheese, its potential benefits, and the risks associated with feeding it to dogs. We’ll also provide guidance on how much cheese is suitable for your dog, especially if they have lactose intolerance. So, let’s dive into the cheesy world of dogs and find out if they can indulge in this dairy delight.


The Canine Diet

Before we dig into the specifics of cheese, let’s first discuss the basics of a dog’s diet. Dogs, like humans, require a balanced and nutritious diet to thrive. Their diet should consist primarily of high-quality commercial dog food that meets their specific nutritional needs.

A healthy canine diet typically includes:

  • Protein
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Water

While dogs are primarily carnivorous, meaning they thrive on meat-based diets, they can also benefit from some variety in their diet. This is where questions about feeding them human foods like cheese come into play.

Nutritional Value of Cheese

Cheese is a dairy product that comes in various forms, flavors, and textures. It’s known for being a good source of several essential nutrients, including:

  • Protein
  • Calcium
  • Phosphorus
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin B12

These nutrients are important for both humans and dogs, and they play a vital role in maintaining overall health. However, it’s crucial to remember that while cheese offers these benefits, it also comes with some potential drawbacks when it comes to dogs.

Benefits of Cheese for Dogs

  1. High-Quality Protein

Protein is an essential part of a dog’s diet, and cheese provides a source of high-quality protein. It contains amino acids that help build and repair tissues in your dog’s body.

  1. Calcium for Strong Bones

Calcium is vital for maintaining strong bones and teeth in dogs. Cheese is a good source of calcium, which can be beneficial, especially for growing puppies and senior dogs.

  1. Vitamin B12 for Energy

Vitamin B12 is involved in energy production and can help keep your dog active and lively. Cheese contains this important vitamin.

  1. Tasty Training Treat

Many dog owners use cheese as a training treat due to its enticing flavor and aroma. It can be a valuable tool in reinforcing positive behavior during training sessions.

  1. Bonding and Sharing

Sharing a small piece of cheese with your dog can be a bonding experience. It’s an opportunity for them to feel included in your mealtime routine.

While these benefits sound promising, it’s essential to strike a balance and be aware of the potential risks associated with feeding cheese to dogs.

Potential Risks

  1. High in Fat

Cheese is relatively high in fat content, which can lead to obesity and other health issues if consumed in excess. Obesity in dogs can result in joint problems, heart disease, and a decreased lifespan.

  1. Lactose Intolerance

Many dogs are lactose intolerant, which means they lack the necessary enzyme (lactase) to digest lactose, the sugar found in milk and dairy products. Cheese contains lactose, so feeding it to a lactose-intolerant dog can lead to gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea, gas, and stomach cramps.

  1. Salt Content

Some cheeses, especially processed varieties, can be high in salt. Excessive salt intake can lead to sodium ion poisoning, which can be dangerous for dogs and may cause symptoms like excessive thirst, vomiting, diarrhea, and even seizures.

  1. Allergies

Just like humans, dogs can have allergies to certain foods, including cheese. Common symptoms of food allergies in dogs include itching, skin problems, and digestive issues.

Now that we’ve explored both the benefits and risks of feeding cheese to dogs, it’s important to understand which types of cheese are safer options and how much cheese can be given to dogs safely.

Types of Cheese to Avoid

When sharing cheese with your dog, it’s crucial to choose the right type. Some cheeses are safer than others. Here are some guidelines:

Safe Cheese Options:

  • Mozzarella: This cheese is lower in fat and salt compared to many other varieties, making it a relatively safe option for dogs.
  • Cheddar: Cheddar cheese, in moderation, can be a good source of protein and calcium for your dog.
  • Cottage Cheese: Cottage cheese is often recommended for dogs with digestive issues or those recovering from illness due to its milder nature.

Cheese to Avoid:

  • Blue Cheese: This cheese is high in fat and can contain mold, which may be harmful to dogs.
  • Feta: Feta cheese is also high in fat and salt, making it an unsuitable choice for most dogs.
  • Processed Cheese: Processed cheese slices or spreads often contain high levels of salt and artificial additives, making them a poor choice for dogs.
  • Spicy Cheese: Any cheese with added spices or flavorings should be avoided, as these can upset your dog’s stomach.

How Much Cheese Can Dogs Eat?

The key to safely feeding cheese to your dog lies in moderation. While cheese can offer some nutritional benefits, it should only be given as an occasional treat and not as a regular part of their diet.

The recommended portion size depends on the size and breed of your dog. For small breeds, a small cube or less is sufficient, while larger dogs can have slightly larger portions. It’s essential to monitor your dog’s reaction to cheese, especially if it’s their first time trying it.

Lactose Intolerance in Dogs

Lactose intolerance is a common issue among dogs, particularly as they age. If your dog experiences any of the following symptoms after consuming cheese or other dairy products, they may be lactose intolerant:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Gas
  • Stomach cramps
  • Bloating

If you suspect your dog is lactose intolerant, it’s best to avoid giving them cheese altogether or opt for lactose-free cheese alternatives.

Cheese as a Training Treat

Many dog owners use treats as positive reinforcement during training sessions, and cheese can be an excellent choice for this purpose. Its strong aroma and taste make it highly appealing to most dogs.

When using cheese as a training treat, keep the following tips in mind:

  • Cut the cheese into small, bite-sized pieces to prevent overfeeding.
  • Use cheese as a reward for desired behaviors.
  • Monitor your dog’s overall treat intake to maintain a balanced diet.

Using cheese in training can be effective, but it’s essential to balance treat rewards with your dog’s regular meals to avoid overfeeding and weight gain.

Creative Ways to Share Cheese with Your Dog

If you want to get creative with how you share cheese with your dog, here are some fun ideas:

  1. Cheese-Stuffed Toys

Some dog toys are designed to be filled with treats. You can stuff these toys with small bits of cheese to keep your dog entertained while they work to get the tasty reward inside.

  1. Frozen Cheese Treats

During hot weather, consider freezing small cheese cubes in ice cube trays. Your dog will enjoy licking and chewing the cool, cheesy cubes as a refreshing treat.

  1. Cheese and Fruit Pairings

Certain fruits are safe and healthy for dogs, such as apple slices or banana pieces. You can pair these fruits with small amounts of cheese for a tasty and nutritious snack.

  1. Homemade Cheese Treats

If you enjoy baking, you can make homemade cheese treats for your dog. There are numerous dog-friendly recipes that incorporate cheese as a main ingredient.

Can Puppies Eat Cheese?

Puppies have different dietary needs compared to adult dogs. While cheese can provide some nutritional benefits, it should be given to puppies in moderation, and certain considerations should be kept in mind:

  • Lactose Sensitivity: Puppies are more likely to have lactose sensitivity, so be cautious when introducing cheese. Monitor for any adverse reactions.
  • Caloric Intake: Puppies require a balanced diet that supports their growth and development. Cheese should not replace essential puppy food.
  • Training: Cheese can be used during puppy training sessions, but remember to keep the portions small to avoid overfeeding.
  • Consult Your Veterinarian: Always consult your veterinarian for guidance on your puppy’s diet, including the inclusion of cheese.


In conclusion, can dogs eat cheese? Yes, they can, but it should be done in moderation and with careful consideration of your dog’s individual needs and sensitivities. Cheese can offer some nutritional benefits, including protein, calcium, and vitamins, but it also comes with potential risks such as high fat content and lactose intolerance.

Before sharing cheese with your dog, consult your veterinarian, especially if your dog has any underlying health conditions or dietary restrictions. Remember that every dog is unique, and what works for one may not work for another.

As a responsible dog owner, your priority is your furry friend’s health and well-being. So, go ahead, share a small piece of cheese with your dog as an occasional treat, and enjoy those precious moments of bonding.

For more information on canine nutrition and other pet-related topics, check out our additional resources section.


  1. Can dogs eat cheese at all?
    • While dogs can eat cheese, it’s important to do so in moderation. Some dogs are lactose intolerant, so consuming large amounts of cheese may lead to digestive issues like diarrhea or upset stomach.
  2. Which types of cheese are safe for dogs?
    • Generally, low-lactose cheeses like cheddar, mozzarella, and cottage cheese are safer options for dogs. However, it’s crucial to avoid high-fat or strongly flavored cheeses, as they can cause digestive problems.
  3. What advantages do dogs receive when fed cheese?
    • Protein, calcium, and a few vitamins are all found in cheese in good amounts. It can be used as a training treat or as a way to administer medication. However, it should be given in small quantities and as part of a balanced diet.
  4. What dangers could arise from giving cheese to dogs?
    • Overconsumption of cheese can lead to weight gain due to its high-fat content. Also, some dogs may be allergic to dairy or lactose intolerant, leading to digestive discomfort.
  5. How should I introduce cheese into my dog’s diet?
    • Start by offering a small amount and observe how your dog reacts. If there are no adverse effects, you can use it as an occasional treat or incorporate it into homemade dog-friendly recipes. Always consult your vet if you’re unsure about your dog’s dietary needs.

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